This map from 1610 depicts a former oxbow island in The Rhine in the Betuwe, The Netherlands. The oxbow island had been reclaimed into a polder. The North is below.

Map of The Leede and the Mars in 1610
GA 0124 Hof van Gelderland map 5040-1610-2-0002

The polder is called the Leede and the Mars. At the bottom of the map, on the north bank of the Rhine, you can see the city of Rhenen. In the upper right corner the church of Lienden is drawn and so is the church of Kesteren in the upper right corner; they still exist. The Leede castle in the polder has disappeared. The village Verhuijsen on the right close to the Rhine has disapperared in a high flood. Locals still hear the church bell ringing midnight at full moon.

In the bottom right corner of the polder you can see two sluices. The right one is called the Verhuysen Sluice, the left one the Modern Sluice. They still exist (in a modern version).

On a topographic map of the area in 1874, north above, the old map is perfectly recognisable. I have indicated the two sluices in light blue. Don’t forget that between 1610 and 1874 the time lapse is 264 year, and between 1874 and now it is about 140 years.

The Leede and the Mars in 1874
The Leede and The Mars in 1874

The polder still functions in 2018 but a large area has been turned into natural wetlands without a sluice. The Versluysen sluice functions as always, but with a different name and modern technology.

Water map of the polder The Mars in 2018
De Mars in 2018, water map Waterschap

The location of the map: